The green peafowls were listed on the IUCN Red List as Threatened species in 1988 and changed into Vulnerable species from 1994 to 2008. From 2009 to the latest assessment in 2018, the species is evaluated to be Endangered. According to the report in 2018, “[t]his species has a very rapidly declining and severely fragmented population, primarily owing to intense habitat conversion and extremely high hunting levels. Negative population trends and habitat fragmentation are projected to continue. The species, therefore, qualifies as Endangered.”
The Green peafowls have been listed on the list of CITES Appendix II since 1977. “Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled.”
In Southeast Asian countries, there are many protected areas for green peafowls including Huai Kha Kheng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand; Ujung Kulon and Baluran National Parks, Indonesia; Yok Don National Park, Vietnam; Lomphat, Phnom Prich and Kulen Promtep wildlife sanctuaries, Chhep and Eastern Mondulkiri protected forests and Seima Biodiversity Conservation Area, Cambodia; Xe Pian National Protected Area, Laos, and Shuangbai Konglonghe Nature Reserve, China.
Green peafowl is one of the first-class key protected wild animals in mainland China under the Wildlife Protection Law.
In Vietnam, Dak Lak Province and Cat Tien National Park are the two places with most of the population of the species.
In Thailand, Phayao's national parks of Phusang and Doi Phu Nang as well as other protected areas in the province are believed to have the country's largest green peafowl population. Green peafowl populations are rising in the Eastern Lanna cluster.
In Cambodia, the species are living in the northeastern part of the country. Conservation of the species in this region should be a priority, but there are still gaps for the conservation including “an inadequate understanding of peafowl ecology, the absence of population baselines for many sites across the species' range and insufficient methods to assess ecology and population size”.
In Laos, the protected area is supported by bilateral aid from Sweden with IUCN, and WSC conservation programs.
In Myanmar, the green peafowl is officially the “National bird of Myanmar”, but the species is dying off in the wild.
In Indonesia, Java is home to the largest population of wild Green peafowl Pavo muticus in the world. Conservation actions and issues over the last few years include: surveys work, law enforcement, captive breeding; population and population viability assessment, and taxonomic status. Read more here.