Unfortunately, Bengal tigers are not protected by the CITES, which is the major international instrument that regulates trade in wild flora and fauna. Given the high demand for body parts and skin of the Bengal tiger in specific countries of Asia, this species is not covered by the scope of CITES, which is detrimental for the population of these animals.
In 1973, the country launched the “Project Tiger” that aimed to ensure a viable population of tigers and to preserve the areas of biological importance. In India, the Wildlife Protection Act provides that government agencies shall take strict measures to ensure the conservation of Bengal tigers. It was estimated by the Wildlife Institute of India that the population of tigers fell by 61% in Madhya Pradesh, by 57% in Maharashtra, and by 40% in Rajasthan.
For a quite long period of time, Bengal tigers have been kept in captivity for breeding or in zoos. In India, tigers were bred for the first time in the Alipore Zoo, Kolkata.
In Bangladesh, for more than 100 years, animals and humans have been in conflict, which led to injuries and deaths. Due to these reasons, WildTeam has started working with local groups and the Bangladesh Forest Department to reduce the human-tiger conflict in the country. The organization also had volunteer teams that are trained to rescue tigers that are strayed in the village areas or threatened with killing. WildTeam is also focused to allow local communities to access the government funds for compensating the loss of livestock.
China also protects this species of tigers under its laws. Rare and endangered species of animals are considered under special protection. Generally, after proper examination and research, the authorized body of wildlife conservation creates the list of wild animals under special protection (Class I/ClassII) and reports to the State Council for approval and further publication. Tigers are now listed as protected species under Class I in the Wildlife Protection Law.