Under the law of mainland China, the welfare and rights of companion animals are not protected. The animal laws in mainland China now only cover wildlife animals, livestock, animal testing, animals for scientific research, and animals in zoos.
Read our blog: Animal Law in China.
Generally, cats and dogs are categorized as personal property under the Civil Code, without any special protection or legal arrangement. The owner has the rights of possession, use, benefit, and disposal of their animals.
In the jurisdictions with anti-cruelty laws or animal welfare laws, overdose blood donation can be recognized as cruel conduct towards animals that may cause unnecessary harm, pain, and death, and harm animal welfare. The owners' liabilities are regulated by anti-cruelty law or animal welfare laws.
From another perspective, the donors can be regulated as animal hoarders. The Hoarding of Animals Research Consortium (HARC) identifies the following characteristics as common in all hoarders:
1) Accumulat[ion] of a large number of animals, which has overwhelmed that person’s ability to provide even minimal standards of nutrition, sanitation, and veterinary care;
2) Fail[ure] to acknowledge the deteriorating condition of the animals (including disease, starvation, and even death) and the household environment (severe overcrowding, very unsanitary conditions); and
3) Fail[ure] to recognize the negative effect of the collection of his or her own health and well-being, and on that of other household members
“Hoarding is generally prosecuted under state animal cruelty laws. In most states, it is a misdemeanor offense, but in some states, it may be a felony offense. Penalties for the offense can include fines, animal forfeiture, and jail time.” Read more about animal hoarding here.
California Animal Blood Donors Bill
In California, there is a new bill for animal blood donors. “Existing law prohibits any person from collecting blood from animals, or preparing, testing, processing, storing, or distributing blood or blood component products, as defined, from animals, for retail sale and distribution except in a commercial blood bank for animals that is licensed by the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. Existing law requires a commercial blood bank for animals, as a condition of licensing, to document how the animal donor was acquired and to have a written protocol for, among other things, ongoing veterinary care for animals held in blood donor facilities.”
Those animals kept in facilities for commercial blood donation are recognized as “blood slaves” by animal rights activists.