Dogfighting is illegal in most of the countries across the globe, however, remains legal in Japan and some parts of Russia. Unfortunately, despite the ban in a lot of countries, dogfighting is still practiced illegally and regularly reported by animal law organizations and animal rights activists. With regard to Asia, dogfighting is illegal in India, Pakistan, the Philippines, South Korea, United Arab Emirates.
In Afghanistan, for instance, although mullahs opposed this kind of sport and called it sinful, such events still occur unchecked in the country. Not only dogs are used for fights but also camels, roosters, finches, canaries, quails, pigeons. Dog fights in Afghanistan usually occur during the winter season because they say “it would be inhumane to fight in the heat.”
Japan does not prohibit dogfighting in several parts of the country. Moreover, the legislation does not require to obtain a license or permit to fight dogs, so it remains unknown how many dogs fight each year. For instance, Teruaki Sudo, president of the East Japan Dog Fighting Association, said that “his group holds eight or nine tournaments per year, while smaller groups might hold two or three.”
Tokyo has laws against dogfighting, but only five prefectures, including the capital, prohibits such conduct. However, it does not prevent the residents of the capital to come to small towns and participate and fight dogs.
Kazakhstan does not regulate dogfighting. Soft law does not allow dogfighting but it does not prohibit it either. A dozen small towns organize dogfighting events and due to the absence of the Animal Welfare Act in the country, those cases are not prosecuted because the acts have no criminal elements. In Taraz city, animal rights activists reported about the upcoming dogfighting events, however, the police said they had an official permit from the local authorities to allow such events.
Recently, in the Mangystau region, another dogfight event was organized. Despite the COVID-19 precautions of no group gathering, there were approximately 50 people on the video.
Animal cruelty in Kazakhstan is currently regulated only by the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, however, dogfights are not qualified under this Article and the police refuse to investigate such cases due to the absence of criminal elements or the local authorities permit.
Dogfighting is considered a national tradition in Kyrgyzstan. Spectators, including children, are watching the fight of the bred dogs. In Central Asia, Alabays, otherwise known as Central Asian Shepherds, are pitted against each other. In Kyrgyzstan, dogs do not fight to the death as in most cases. Once the dominant dog is identified, that dog is proclaimed the winner.