Hunting laws in different jurisdictions in Asia
Wildlife is protected under the provisions of Wildlife Protection and Hunting Law (Law No. 32 of 4 April 1918. Final Amendment: Law No. 85 of 22 June 1972), as well as its habitat. Hunting restrictions are applied to endangered species or animals whose number is decreasing. A permit is issued by the competent authority for hunting activities, but hunting is strictly forbidden in sanctuary areas, temporary no-hunting zones (up to three years), and other selected places. Hunting restrictions apply also to tackles and explosives. Inspection of the premises where the game live is authorized by the competent authority. No trading or selling of protected fauna is permitted.
Article 1 states the purpose of the law is “to protect and propagate the game, to control and prevent the danger of the harmful game through the execution of game protection project and effectuation of hunting for the purpose of the improvement of living environment and contribution to the promotion of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries.”
This law is implemented by the Cabinet order for the implementation of the Wildlife Protection and Hunting Law and Implementation Ordinance of the Wildlife Protection and Hunting Law.
Poaching is a crime according to the Criminal Code of China (Article 341) and hunting wild animals is generally banned by the Wildlife Animal Conservation Law (2018)(Article 21.1) and only the license holder can hunt in accordance with the types, quantities, locations, tools, methods and time limit specified in the special hunting license. (Article 23) There are two types of hunting licenses, one is for scientific research in Article 21.2, the other is the normal hunting in Article 22.
The Law on Hunting of 2000 regulates hunting activities in Mongolia. The purpose of this Law is to regulate hunting and trapping of game animals and the proper use of hunting reserves. Hunting management shall refer to activities to develop the justification for the proper use conservation, and breeding of a territory; animal reserve by investigating and establishing the game animal’s distribution, numbers, herd structure, reproduction, and hunting reserve. Hunting Management reports and evaluations shall form the basis for the activities on the conservation, breeding, and proper use of game animal reserves. Hunting Management shall be conducted by a Certified Professional Organization authorized by the State Administrative Central Organization in charge of environmental affairs.
According to Section 9 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, hunting is prohibited. “No person shall hunt any wild animal as specified in schedules, I, II, III, and IV except as provided under section 11 and section 12.” Article 11 and 12 allow permits in certain cases and special purposes.
The basic discipline of hunting and fishing, including the prohibition of illegal, not licensed hunting and fishing can be found in the Environmental Code. Some relevant norms can be found in the Forestry Code. The detailed regulation for hunting can be found in the Rules of Hunting on the Territory of Kazakhstan.
According to Law No. 354 on Wildlife, wildlife in Tajikistan shall be the exclusive property of the state that ensures protection and efficient management thereof in the interests of the people. By purposeful use wildlife shall be classified as: “(a) rare and endangered species; (b) species subject to hunting; …” Law No. 1118 on Hunting and Hunting Management sets forth legal and economic grounds for hunting and hunting management, regulates social relations concerning rational management and sustainable use, protection and reproduction of the game, natural habitats thereof, and also the right of hunting for natural persons and communities to exercise hunting.
More materials on other Asian countries are coming soon. Read more on Hunting Law in the U.S.