Farm animals, except fish, are protected by the anti-cruelty and duty of care provisions. Slaughter is to minimize pain and distress (though appropriate methods are not specified and stunning is not required). There is no legislation specifically addressing farm animals. Besides, livestock is excluded from the law's Regulations on Animal Handling Businesses. Read more here.
South Korea adopted its first rudimentary Animal Protection Law on May 7, 1991. This initial law broadly defined the responsibility of animal caretakers and owners to properly feed, house, and care for their animals. It also prohibited animal cruelty and inhumane slaughter in very general terms and described procedures for handling abandoned animals. In 2007, the revised law defined the humane slaughtering and transportation of livestock, restricted animal experimentation, and made provisions for government-run animal protection facilities and education. Slaughtering of animals for human consumption in accordance with the Livestock Product Sanitation and Inspection Act. However, there aren’t any laws dictating the slaughter and butchery of dogs for human consumption because they are not defined as livestock. Read more here.
Article 13.2 provides one recommendation for humane slaughter on pigs: “Encourage designated pig slaughter plants (farms) to implement humane slaughter in accordance with relevant national standards and regulations.” (Measures for the Implementation of the Regulations on the Administration of Pig Slaughter) The "Technical Specifications for Welfare Slaughtering of Broilers" (2016, Shandong Province) is only a local standard, and its legal effect and scope are limited.
The Guidelines for Humane Slaughter of Livestock and Poultry, 2008, are applicable to “livestock and poultry slaughtering operations in slaughterhouses, including the operations of unloading, mooring, driving, holding, stunning and bleeding of livestock and poultry.” This guideline is without any enforcement measures.
Although India is home to millions of animals above, most existing legal protections address only the treatment of cows in India. These include a Constitutional provision (Art. 48) prohibiting the slaughter of cows and cattle, special laws prohibiting and criminalizing cow slaughter in most Indian states, and judicial decisions upholding beef bans. Read more here.
The legislation in other jurisdictions will be available soon.
Humane slaughter is one of the most important parts of farmed animal welfare. The regulations are not really “humane” given the limited species and exemptions. The lack of enforcement makes the laws harder to be applied. On the other hand, the definition of “humane” is not always clear. For animal abolitionists, anti-cruelty and merely regulating for animal welfare is not enough, and embracing veganism is the only way to stop animal exploitation.