Polar Bears: Threats and Conservation Efforts
Oil and gas development
International Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears
The treaty allows the killing of polar bears only for bona fide scientific purposes, for preventing serious disturbances of other beings, and by the local population that uses animals in accordance with their traditions. Also, the export, import, and trafficking of polar bears must be prohibited by the members of the Agreement within their territories.
Polar bears play a vital role in the entire ecosystem and being the top predators in their food web makes them important figures in the balance of the ecosystem. It is predicted that polar bears can disappear from Europe, Asia, and Alaska, and be depleted from Greenland and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago by 2080. And although it is claimed that polar bears would be able to adapt to different food sources, most biologists say that it would be impossible to completely endure the loss of regular prey.